California Sealion
(Zalophus californianus) #62-294

Whole brain image

Whole brain photographs
• Rotating brain cast

Brain section image

Coronal section through middle of brain
Movie Atlas

Physical characteristics and distribution

California Sea Lions have a chocolate brown coat with a few lighter spots. Males have a highly noticeable main while females do not have a main at all. Adult males are 200-250 cm long and weigh 200-400 kg. Adult females are 150-200 cm long and weigh 50-110 kg.

They feed on a wide variety of seafood including fish, shellfish and squid. They are excellent predators with a streamlined body and highly sensitive whiskers to detect food.

They also have a wide range of vocal sounds. These are cautious animals, they will jump in the water at anything strange or if they sense danger. California Sea Lions walk slow, but they swim very fast and agile. Males become territorial between May and June, guarding harems of about 15 females each. The females usually breed around May to June and have a 12 month gestation period. The pup is usually born from June to August in land or water.

California Sea Lions are commonly found in zoos and there are the "seals" usually seen in circus or animals acts. They can be easily trained to balance balls by rewarding it with fish, they also like to eat molluscs. Once a trick is learned, it can remember the even months after not doing it. They can perform for 8-12 years.

There habitat is in coastal waters and rocky coastlines. Being an essentially coastal animal, there are found no more than 16 km out to sea. They can be found on the Northern Pacific coastal regions of Canada (British Columbia), Mexico (Baja California, and throughout the Gulf of California), USA (Washington, Oregon, California).

Description of the brain

Animal source and preparation
All specimens collected followed the same preparation and histological procedure.

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