and body length is 700-1200 mm, the tail being a stub. Adults
weigh between 15-35 kg. Color ranges from a buffy yellow, silver
gray, light gray, dark brown or black. The fur is coarse and
harsh. The nose is hairless and the ears are small and rounded.
V. ursinus, as well as the genus Lasiorhinus,
are the only two living marsupials to possess two rootless incisors
in each jaw, a feature also found in rodents. There is an odd
gland patch present in the lesser curvature of the stomach.
This patch is also found in the Koala and the Beaver. On the
female, the patch has a posterior opening and contains two mammae.
Common Wombats prefer upland forests, especially in rocky areas.
The nests are constructed about 2-4 meters from a tunnel entrance
and is lined with vegetation. There may be a complex network
of tunnels associated with the nesting chamber. V. ursinus
is primarily nocturnal, though it has been observed sunning
diet consists of grasses, roots and fungi, preferring fresh
seed stems. It uses its forefeet to grasp and tear the vegetation.
They are solitary, except for the breeding season. Births are
thought to occur in late autumn and the young are believed to
be independent by the following summer. A single young is most
often born, but twins are known to occur. V. ursinus
reaches sexual maturity at two years.
The single species, V. ursinus, is found in E New South
Wales, S Victoria, SE South Australia, Tasmania, islands in
the Bass Strait, and extreme SE Queensland