American Badgers are a group of mostly carnivorous, medium-sized
stocky mustelids. They have powerful jaws and carnassial teeth
adapted for crushing, and molars that are broad, flat and multicusped.
Badgers are powerfully built, wedge-shaped bodies with a small
head and a short thick neck. The tail is usually short, and
the snout is elongated and used for foraging. Many species dig
elaborate burrow systems, making use of nonretractile claws
on their forefeet. Most badgers are nocturnal, but some, including
the American badger pictured here, are diurnal. Badgers have
a tough skin, with long coarse guard hairs, usually with a striking
facial color pattern.
badgers eat a variety of small vertebrates, invertebrates, fruit
and roots. The American
the most carnivorous, digging out chipmunks, ground squirrels,
mice and rabbits. It also eats carrion and caches food.
and female American
Badgers become sexually
mature as yearlings. North
American badgers mate in August or September
with delayed implantation until January- March. The young are
born in spring in litters from 1-4. Except for sows with young,
badgers are usually solitary and are aggressive to intruders
to their territory.
are widespread in Canada (British Columbia. Alberta, Saskatschewan,
Manitoba, Ontario), Mexico (Baja California N and C Mexico),
USA (Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Michigan, Wisconsin, and most
states west of the Mississippi River, except Louisiana, Arkansas).