Mantled Howler
(Alouatta palliata) #68-409

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Coronal section through middle of brain
Cell Movie Atlas

Physical characteristics and distribution

Largest of the New World monkeys, head and body lengths range from 559-915 mm, tail length 585-915mm and adult weights range from 4- 10 kg. Color variations from yellowish brown, deep reddish brown and black occur within species and individuals and can change as the monkey ages. Males are usually larger than females. Howlers have short, stout legs. They have extremely powerful prehensile tails which are hairless on the underside of the terminal third. The face is naked and the large lower jaw and hyoid bone enable the monkey to emit loud, booming vocalizations.

The diet consists of fruits, leaves and other vegetable matter.

Alouatta palliata prefers secondary forest. Adult males are dominant. Howlers live in troops of 2-45, but generally average 10-20 animals. Vocalizations are used to declare territory, which is wherever the group happens to be at the time. Adult females have an estrous cycle lasting 13-24 days and gestation ranges from 180-194 days. One infant is born and travels with its mother by clinging to her fur. As it gets older, it moves to a permanent riding position on her back. This lasts for about one year. The young is weaned at about 10 months and sexual maturity is achieved at 3-4 years for females and 5 years for males. Males, however, must attain specific social status before they can mate. Average lifespan is 16 years.

They are found from W Ecuador to Veracruz and Oaxaca (Mexico).

Description of the brain

Animal source and preparation
All specimens collected followed the same preparation and histological procedure.

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