Baboon Papio papio
Head and body length of P. paio
is 610-762 mm; tail length is 382-610 mm. Young baboons are
brown, becoming ash gray as they age. Females retain the brown
coat longer than do males. Older males also develop a heavy
mane around the neck and shoulders.
inhabits open woodland, savannahs, grassland and rocky hill
country. They are primarily diurnal and terrestrial, but are
capable climbers and have been known to sleep in trees. They
are strong swimmers and have excellent vision. P. papio
is omnivorous, eating whatever is available. In Kenya during
the dry season, grass may be 90 percent of the diet, while along
the coast of South Africa marine creatures are a staple.
lives in small trilevel social groups which enable the animals
to adapt to spare food sources and scarce sleeping sites. The
largest social unit is the troop, which is usually comprised
of 100 or more individuals with the highest recorded size of
750 animals. These troops gather together at night to sleep
and in the morning, break into bands of about 30-90 animals.
Each band consists of several single male units with 1-9 females
and their young. While all adult females live in single-male
units, young adult males generally have loose affiliation with
a unit or live alone.
Average estrous cycle for P. papio
is 30 days, gestation is 170-173 days, producing a single young.
Infants cling to their mother's breast, but soon move to riding
on her back. Females have their first estrous at 3.5 to 4 years
and males are sexually mature at five years, but are not able
to mate successfully until 7-10 years of age.
They are found in Senegal, Guinea, and Guinea-Bissau to
Mauretania and Mali.