small insectivorous mammals native to Africa known as Eastern
Rock Elephant Shrews belong to the Macroscelididae family, in
the order Macroscelidea. Their traditional common English name
comes from a fancied resemblance between their long, noses and
the trunk of an elephant, and an assumed relationship with the
true shrews (family Soricidae) in the order Insectivora. The
15 species vary in size from about 100 mm to almost 300 mm,
from just under 50 g to over 500 g. All are quadrupedal with
rather long legs for their size, and although the size of the
trunk varies from one species to another, all are able to twist
it about in search of food.
diet is largely insects and other small creatures, particularly
beetles, spiders, worms, ants, and termites, mostly gleaned
from leaf litter, but they also take seeds and some green shoots.
are widely distributed in Zimbabwe; E Botswana; N, C and E south
Africa; Lesotho; and W Mozambique.