Crab-eating Raccoon
(Procyon cancrivorus) #68-312

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Physical characteristics and distribution

Crab-eating Raccoon Procyon cancrivorus

Head and body length of P. cancrivorus is 415-600 mm, tail length is 200-415mm. Height at the shoulder is about 228 mm, and weights range from 2-12 kg. Males are usually larger than the females. Coloration is grayish to nearly black above with a reddish or brownish tinge. The face has a black 'bandit' mask and the tail is ringed with 4-5 black bands. Females have four mammae.

P. cancrivorus is found in brushy areas or woodlands, usually near water. Activity is primarily nocturnal, climbing and swimming well. Crab-eating raccoons use hollows in trees, rock crevices, old stumps, crawl spaces in buildings or dens abandoned by other animals, for their shelters. The breeding season of P. cancrivorus is July - September and gestation ranges from 60-73 days. As many as 7 young may be born, but the average litter size is three or four. Birth weight is around 71 grams and the babies open their eyes at about 3 weeks.

The diet of P. cancrivorus includes crayfish, crabs, other arthropods, frogs, fish, nuts, seeds, acorns, and berries. The hands and feet of the raccoon have a highly developed sense of touch and are extremely dexterous. Often, P. cancrivorus will pick up the food with its hands and place it in the mouth. Crab-eating Raccoons have often been observed dipping their food into water before eating.

P. cancrivorus
is found in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Columbia, Costa Rica, Guyana, Panama, Peru, Surinam, Trinidad and Tabago and Venezuela.

Description of the brain

Animal source and preparation
All specimens collected followed the same preparation and histological procedure.

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