The head and body length is approximately 265-390 mm. Weight
in captivity ranges from 1.6-2.4 kg. Color varies from grayish
brown to reddish brown, with some individuals having dark brown
backs and rumps. The pelage is not dense and consists of hairs
and spines. Strong white spines arranged longitudinally on the
backs of young Tail-less Tenrec are replaced by a crest of rigid
hairs in adults.
They have well-developed digits on all four limbs, the forelimbs
being shorter than the hind. The body is strong and muscular,
and when agitated, the crest of hairs on the spine become erect.
T. ecaudatus is equally at home in both inland plateaus
and coastal rainforests. Habitat usually has brush or undergrowth
for cover, and a good water source. Nests are generally found
under a rock or in a hollow log, but hibernation occurs in a
1-2 meter long underground burrow, which is plugged with soil
before the animal goes to sleep. Hibernation takes place during
the Southern winter or "dry season."
T. ecaudatus eats small invertebrates which is digs for
with its snout, as well as some vegetable matter and small vertebrates.
Females have 12 mammae. Gestation is from 56-64 days and young
are born in litters averaging 15 individuals. From the age of
3-6 weeks, the young forage with their mother, and may stay
together briefly after separating from the mother. Adult Tenrec
become solitary after this and forage and hibernate alone.
are found in all latitudes and phytographic zones: eastern humid
forest, central highlands, northern highlands, sambirano, western
deciduous forest, and spiny bush in Madagascar; and the Comoro
Isls. Introduced on Renunion, Mauritius, and the Seychelle Isls.