behavioral sequences, reflexes, instincts, emotions, thinking
and other integrative activities.
many nuclei, circuits, systems and networks which make up the
brain provide animals with numerous functional repertoires.
Brains evolved complex sets of circuits that allow them to detect
and evaluate the relevance of myriad physical energies in the
environment and to plan and execute appropriate reactions to
most major neural circuits present in mammals also exist in
other vertebrates, it seems that the basic adaptive neural functions
had been worked out early in vertebrate evolution. Thus, there
exist in all verterates: 1. detection and perception of five
general types of physical energy, 2. organized and integrated
postural and locomotor activities, 3. Instincts, reflexes and
fixed-action patterns related to procreation of young, ingestion
and elimination, escape and defense, and maintenance of homeostatic
esquilibria, 4. selective attention and orientation toward specific
environmental stimuli, 6. learning and forgetting, 7. capabilities
for multitasking and parallel processing, 8. elaborate social
repertoires, and 9. timed ontogenetic development of the behavioral
is the aim of this page to explore what is known about the brain
mechanisms of all the functions listed above and below.
The senses; sensation, detecting features of the external
& internal environments:
Basic integrated postural and locomotor movement sequences:
Diversity and complexity of musculature, and the structure and
importance of the skeleton and its components.
Basic instincts and emotions:
Love, lust and sex
Anger, hate & fear
Dominance/submissiveness; Irritability and serenity.
Sociality, parenting & family ties
Growth of emotions during ontogeny
Attention, Thinking, Evaluating, Insight, Abstraction, Creativity,
Choice, Purpose, Seeking, Planning, Generalization, Judgement,
Introspection, Programming, Introspection, Interest, Preference,
Discrimination, Learning, Habituation, Memory, recognition,
Basic Behavioral repertoire
Basic Action sequences
Instincts; integrated action sequences
Learned and experientially modified percepts and action sequences.
Goal Directed behaviors
the terms listed above refer to brain functions expressable
by the circuitry of the brain of any mammal. The jobs of neuroscientists
involve identifying which brain components, circuits and networks
are responsible for every function that can be defined.