average head and body length of P. giganteus
is 170-406 mm. Forearm length is 85-228 mm and wingspan
ranges from 610-1,700 mm. Male Pteropus giganteus
weights range between 1,300 and 1,600 grams while females
average 900 grams.
prefer forests or swamps, along coastal areas of islands.
They roost in colonies by day, and may use the same roosting
site for years.
large body of water nearby is necessary for survival.
At night, the bats fly to neighboring fruit trees to feed.
mainly drink the juice of the fruit, spitting out the
pulp and seeds. They may also drink sea water for the
In the summer the bats form colonies or "camps" and young
are born shortly thereafter. They remain with the females
for 3-4 months. Mating takes place in these camps, but
the sexes separate afterward.
giganteus is found in the Maldive
Isls, India (incl. Andaman Isls), Sri Lanka, Pakistan,
Bangladesh, Nepal, Burma, Tsinghai (China). (The Tsinghai
record requires confirmation. Cambodian records are apparently